英语自然拼读法的基本规则

英语自然拼读法的基本规则

1. 二十六个字母的读音 (Letter Sounds).
五个元音字母(a e i o u) 每个发两种音:长音(其字母音)和短音
y不在单词开头时,一般被看做元音

2. 单元音单词拼读 (Consonant-Vowel-Consonant Combinations)
如果一个英语单词或音节里只有一个元音 且元音不在末尾,这个元音一般发短音.
如: Sam cat mat 等等.
Beginning Consonants
Ending Consonants
One Vowel Word Short Vowel Sounds

3. 双元音单词拼读(Two Vowel Words):
一个单词或音节里有两个元音时, 一般来说,前边一个元音发长音(其字母音), 后边一个元音不发音.
如: make mail may hay say see sea meet meat key five nine tie road coat toe cute等等.

4. 双/三辅音在一起时的联读 (Consonant Blends)
Beginning consonant blends (bl br cl cr dr fl fr gl fr pl pr sc sk sl sm sn sp st sw tr tw scr spl str)
Ending consonant blends (ft lf lm lp lt mp nd nk nt pt sk st)
Words ending in ll ss ff
Consonant digraphs (ch th sh wh)

5. 特殊读法(1)- 带元音的特殊读法(Irregular Vowels)
igh ing ind ild ar or oi oy alt alk ost old er ir ur ew sion tion eigh all ow ow ou ay ous ed ed (t) ed (d) aw au oo oo
以上字母组合作为整体音节发音。需记住它们所发的音。
Examples:
ar (car far) air (hair) are (hare) au augh (caught) aw (hawk)
al all (all tall mall hall) alk (talk walk) alt (halt salt) ay (may play)
ew (new few) eigh (eight weight)
ed:
says /ed/: patted landed lifted
says /t/: walked hopped stopped
says /d/: cried played chewed
er (sister brother) ir (girl fir firm) ur (burn hurt)
ie (field) ing(king sing dancing) ind (find kind behind) ild (mild wild child) igh (high night light) ire
oi (oil boil) oy (boy toy) old (old cold) ost (most host) olt
oo (book) oo (tool school) or (or for horn)
ow (读音一:cow now how bow; 读音二:bow low blow snow)
ou (shout out loud)
ould (could would) ough (五种不同的读音:cough through ought slough plough)
ought ous (famous nervous)
ue (cruel) ui (fluid)
tion (attention fiction) sion (passion expression)
ending sounds : ang ong ung edge le

6. 特殊读法(2)
如果一个单词或音节里只有一个元音而且元音在末尾, 这个元音一般发长音(其字母音) (Vowel at the end).
如:me hi go baby table humor,hibernate 等等。
Y在末尾 (作为元音处理)(y at the end):
单音节词 没有其他元音,y发”I”(one syllable word y at the end (pronounced as “I”)): my why fly sky
多音节词 y发”E” 的音(two or more syllables y at the end (pronounced as “E”)): daddy mommy baby,honey crazy

7. 特殊读法(3) – 固定读音的单词 (Sight Word):
is are the a to here hey have son love come give field…… 等.
它们不遵守前边的发音规则,需要死记硬背。

8. 特殊读法(4) – 辅音的特殊读法
有一些辅音不发音 (silent consonants).
Silent b: comb lamb
Silent h: ghost
Silent k: knife knock knob know…
Silent w: write wrist wreck …
“c” 和 “k” 在一起时, 发一个音: quick black等.
“q” 总是和”u”在一起:quite quick quit quilt等.
之所以指出这一点 是在这里u不能再被认为是元音 而是和q一起组成一个辅音组合. 于是 在quite这个单词里只有两个元音 是双元音单词 第一个元音i发字母音 第二个元音e不发音.
“p”和 “h”在一起 发/f/的音: phone photo.
复数s及末尾s的读音(Plural s and the sounds of ending s)
c和g 的两种读音:
如果i(或y)或者 e 跟在c或者g的后边 c发/s/ g发/j/的音: center cigar nice mice gem giant gym page.
其他情况下 c发/k/ g发/g/: can clap cup great glad got goat log.
特殊情况: get give

9. 多音节单词和复合词 (Words with multiple syllables and compound words)
多音节单词: believe multiple syllable compound
复合词: homework highway

Leave a Comment

You must be logged in to post a comment.