few、little、a few、a little之间的区别

1、a few:一点点,用于修饰可数名词,肯定用法。

few:用于可数名词,否定用法。

There are a few apples on the table.
桌子上有几个苹果。

There are few apples on the table.
桌子上几乎没苹果。

2、用法和little和a little 一样

在可数名词的前面我们用 a few 和 few,例如:
few cars或a few countries

在不可数名词的前面我们用a little 和 little,例如:
little energy或 a little money

3、Little 和 few (前面不用a),表示否定的意思,例如:
You must be quick. There is little time. (你要快一点,我们没有多少时间。)
He isn’t popular. He has few friends.(他不是很有人缘,他没有什麼朋友。)

4、A little 和 a few 是肯定的意思,例如:
Let’s go and have a drink. We’ve got a little time before the train leaves.
(我们去喝一杯吧,离火车开车以前,我们还有一点时间。)
I enjoy my life here. I have a few friends and we meet quite often.
(我喜欢住在这里,我认识了一些朋友而且时常见面。)